British expats in France might not get a vote in Thursday’s European elections because their postal voting forms have arrived late, or not at all.
The BBC found some local councils used a postal service called Adare, rather than Royal Mail, to send them.
Envelopes seen by the BBC indicate they were sent via the Netherlands.
Voters must have their papers back in the UK by election day. Adare said all ballots were posted “in line with the election and council timetables”.
The company insisted they had used “reputable mail handlers” whose job it was to “assess the best route through other European countries before the mail arrives at the final destination”.
The UK will go to the polls on Thursday, between 07:00 BST and 22:00 BST.
Expat voters who want to participate in European elections can register in advance to have a postal vote in the British constituency where they or their parents were last registered to vote.
But they must have their completed ballot paper returned to the local electoral returning officer by the time polls close on election day.
It is believed, based on the number of eligible voters, that thousands of Britons living in France could be affected.
Ann Bone, who lives in Maury in the Pyrenees Orientales, said her postal vote did not arrive until Friday – and when she went to return it to Calderdale Council she was informed by the French postal service that it had “no chance” of arriving in the UK in time.
Her husband’s ballot has still not arrived in France. She said: “We’ve been denied a vote, basically.”
Other UK citizens abroad have told the BBC of similar stories.
Joy Elise Allen was told by Barnsley Council her postal vote was sent to her at the end of April – 16 days later it arrived at her home in Saint-Pierre-d’Exideuil in France having being sent via the Netherlands.
“I know of someone who’s flown back to the UK with his whole family’s emergency proxy votes,” said Ms Allen.
“We are all very upset, very angry and we want someone to be held accountable for this.”
A spokeswoman for the council said it was “investigating this and have asked for a response from our postal provider”.
The Electoral Commission said it has had “no involvement” in the distribution of postal votes for the European election – adding that responsibility lay with local councils.
A spokesman for the commission advised anyone overseas who has yet to receive their postal vote to contact the relevant council.
The government had hoped a Brexit deal would be agreed prior to these elections, and Prime Minister Theresa May said the UK would not have to take part if MPs agreed a plan first.
But that has not come to pass and the UK will definitely take part in the elections, returning 73 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) to Brussels and Strasbourg.
While the UK and Netherlands vote on Thursday, voting in other EU nations will take place at varying times over the following three days, with the whole process completed by 22:00 BST on Sunday 26 May.